Tool 4 – Closure Planning and Implementation

Mining operations should be closed in an environmentally and socially responsible manner, with the objective of ensuring sustainable, ‘productive’ post-mining land use. Closure planning is primarily about identifying and implementing opportunities for rehabilitation, restoration and conservation enhancement. It should commence from the project development phase.

Step Guide


Go through each step on the checklist


Refer to pages 43-50 for a greater understanding of the different issues


Read the case studies to understand practical application of the steps

When establishing objectives and targets for closure planning the following should always be considered:

  • Regulatory requirements, including national or regional action plans to implement the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
  • Effective consultation with key stakeholders
  • Competing interests need to be understood and reconciled
  • All available information on biodiversity
  • Technical limitations
  • Pre-mining land uses and extent of biodiversity degradation
  • Is mitigation or enhancement intended?
  • Post-mining and tenure and land uses
  • Integration into whole-of-lease biodiversity management
  • Minimising secondary impacts
  • Opportunities for biodiversity improvement

Rehabilitation and pollution prevention

  • Implement good practice rehabilitation
  • Look at what is achievable and do not raise false expectations with stakeholders
  • Look at what other mining operations have achieved
  • Consult with local volunteer projects to learn more on native vegetation
  • Consider the provision of habitat or re-establishment for rare or threatened plant and fauna species
  • Consider using important functional species for erosion control
  • Guard against using non-native species
  • Consider using compatible biodiversity with priority land use eg the production of food, medicines or cultural values

Top Tips:

  • Tool 5 Looks at the biodiversity perspective for impact assessment

    Tool 6 looks at establishing targets and overall rehabilitation strategy

    Tool 7 discusses using resources etc from other biodiversity stakeholders

Community, Economics, Environment, Ethical Business, Management, Rehabilitation

Sustainable Post-Closure Land Uses – Misima Mines Limited, Papua New Guinea

Effective integration of biodiversity considerations into mine closure planning


Community, Economics, Environment, Ethical Business, Management, Rehabilitation

Involving Communities in Mine Life Planning – Gregory Crinum Coal Mine, Australia

Community and company developing effective mine life planning strategies


Community, Economics, Environment, Ethical Business, Management, Rehabilitation

Restoring Botanical Richness after Bauxite Mining – the Jarrah Forest, Southwestern Australia

Alcoa's scientifically based, best practice rehabilitation procedure