Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights

An extensive list of glossary terms, annexes and useful links


Definitions of Voluntary Principles terms and concepts used in this toolkit (p58)


Acronyms used throughout this toolkit (p59)

Useful links relating to this toolkit:

Understanding the VPs

Information on IHL : https://www.icrc.org/en/publication/0882-business-and-international-humanitarian-law-introduction-rights-and-obligations

Stakeholder Engagement:


Risk Management:

ISO 31000 Risk Management Standard : https://www.iso.org/iso-31000-risk-management.html

John Ruggie 2008 – Business & Human Rights Resource Centre: https://www.business-humanrights.org/sites/default/files/reports-and-materials/Ruggie-report-7-Apr-2008.pdf

Human Rights Translated to: https://www.unglobalcompact.org/docs/publications/HRT_final_web.pdf

Private Security Providers:

International Code of Conduct for Private Security Service Providers : https://www.icoca.ch

Montreaux Document : https://shop.icrc.org/document-de-montreux-sur-les-entreprises-militaires-et-de-securite-privees-2629.html

Other useful links:

The ICMM website https://www.icmm.com/en-gb

The Mining with Principles website http://miningwithprinciples.com


  • Annex A (p61) Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights
  • Annex B (p66) Human Rights Articles and Their Relevance to the Voluntary Principles
  • Annex C (p71) Case Studies
  • Annex D (p78) Stakeholder Mapping Tool
  • Annex E (p79) A “Worked Example” of Risk Assessment
  • Annex F (p87) Risk Assessment Information Sources
  • Annex G (p89) Interacting with Public Security
  • Annex H (p91) Use of Force
  • Annex H (i) (p90) Rules of Engagement
  • Annex I (p92) Private Security and Community Engagement
  • Annex J (p93) Sample Contract Clauses on VPs for Private Security Contracts
  • Annex K (p94) Incident Reporting
  • Annex L (p96) Sample Service Level Agreements (SLAs)